The crops across India are grown mainly in 2 crop seasons – Kharif and Rabi. There are 5 crops mainly grown during Rabi and 7 crops during Kharif.
The terms ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ originate from Arabic language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring.
Rabi Crop Months – October-March (Winter)
Kharif Crop Months – July – October ( July –October ) – South-West Monsoon
Note : The crops grown between March and June are summer crops.
|Kharif Crops||Rabi Crop|
|Pearl Millet/Bajra||Chickpea/gram (pulses)|
|Finger Millet/ragi (cereals)||Mustard (oilseeds) etc.|
|Jute & Mesta|
Tricks to remember the crop
KHARIF – KR –
K comes alphabetically before R, so remember Kharif Crops are Sowed before Rabi Crops.
Kharif has R in the word, remember that for Rainy Season.
RABI – RS – S comes immediately after R in the alphabetically order – So, S is for Summer.